Why did the Articles of Confederation fail as a government?
Ultimately, the Articles of Confederation failed because they were crafted to keep the national government as weak as possible: There was no power to enforce laws. No judicial branch or national courts. Amendments needed to have a unanimous vote.
Why did the states have more power under the Articles of Confederation?
Under the Articles, the states, not Congress, had the power to tax. Congress could raise money only by asking the states for funds, borrowing from foreign governments, or selling western lands. The Articles of Confederation created a very weak central government.
How does the judicial branch impact our lives?
The judicial branch affects us in several ways. The judicial branch is the branch of our government that interprets the meaning of our laws. The judicial branch impacts us because it protects us from laws that might violate the Constitution.
How are judges nominated and confirmed?
Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate, as stated in the Constitution. Article III of the Constitution states that these judicial officers are appointed for a life term.
How are justices confirmed?
The President nominates someone for a vacancy on the Court and the Senate votes to confirm the nominee, which requires a simple majority. In this way, both the Executive and Legislative Branches of the federal government have a voice in the composition of the Supreme Court. Are there qualifications to be a Justice?
Do all federal judges serve for life?
Article III of the Constitution governs the appointment, tenure, and payment of Supreme Court justices, and federal circuit and district judges. Article III states that these judges “hold their office during good behavior,” which means they have a lifetime appointment, except under very limited circumstances.
Why do judges serve for life?
The primary goal of life tenure is to insulate the officeholder from external pressures. United States federal judges have life tenure once appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. In some cases, life tenure lasts only until a mandatory retirement age.