Why did some in the first and second estates fear the spread of Enlightenment ideas?
FOCUS (?): why did the first & second estates despise the enlightenment ideas? gave the estates less power since the enlightenment philosophers stress the freedom of the people, natural rights, and the fact that people have potential. These thoughts could eventually lead to the higher estates losing their power.
Why was the first estate unpopular?
This was because of the strong religious beliefs of the majority of the population. The Church was also very wealthy. It owned land in addition to collecting rents and tithes, and at the same time avoided paying any significant amounts of tax to the state. The clergy was corrupt and had some major failings.
Why was the conflict between the clergy and the Third Estate?
Why was the conflict between the clergy and the Third Estate the most divisive in the course of the revolution? The Clergy lived lavishly and owned almost all the land while the Third Estate had essentially nothing to their names yet they were the only ones paying taxes.
Was the clergy the first estate?
The First Estate was the clergy, who were people, including priests, who ran both the Catholic church and some aspects of the country. In addition to keeping registers of births, deaths and marriages, the clergy also had the power to levy a 10% tax known as the tithe.
Who made up the 2nd estate?
France under the Ancien Régime (before the French Revolution) divided society into three estates: the First Estate (clergy); the Second Estate (nobility); and the Third Estate (commoners). The king was considered part of no estate.
What did the 2nd estate want?
Although the Second Estate was considered to be the nobility there were some that were poor, many had some wealth, and a few were filthy rich. Both the First Estate and Second Estate did not want anything to change in France unless there was chance they could gain more political power.
Who were the members of 2nd estate?
The first estate consisted of the nobility, the second estate comprised of the clergy and the Church and the third included peasants, merchants, farmers and laborers.
Why was the second estate unhappy?
While most hobereaux were devoid of land and wealth, they retained their political privileges and exemption from personal taxation. For the most part, the hobereaux were a frustrated class: they possessed the arrogance and snobbery that comes with privilege but lacked the wealth to live as they wished.
Why was the estate system unfair?
The causes of the French Revolution were that the Estate System was unfair, the government of France was into much debt, and was therefore taxing too much, and that people resented the power of the Church. The third estate was overtaxed because the government was in debt. This caused the third estate to demand reform.
What was the reign of terror and how did it affect France quizlet?
Slide 2: What was the Reign of Terror? This was a period during the French Revolution, in which rebels of the government regulations were executed in large numbers. This dictatorial rule of the government had people killed with unfair trials. Christianity was abolished and statues of a young girl “Reason” replaced it.