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25/02/2020

Who does the common rule apply to?

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Who does the common rule apply to?

The Common Rule applies to human subjects research conducted, supported or otherwise subject to regulation by the VA. If VA investigators receive support from DHHS (NIH, CDC, etc.), additional subparts of 45 CFR Part 46 may apply. What is a Federal Wide Assurance (FWA)?

Which is true inducements in research?

Inducements constitute an “undue influence” if they alter a potential subject’s decision-making processes, such that they do not appropriately weigh the risk-benefit relationship of the research. Inducements are offers that influence people to make decisions, or do things they would not otherwise do.

What are the three ethical principles that constitute the basis for the HHS human subjects regulations 45 CFR 46 )?

The Belmont Report identifies three fundamental ethical principles for all human subjects research — respect for persons, beneficence, and justice.

What is the common rule for research?

The Common Rule is the baseline standard of ethics by which any government-funded research in the US is held; nearly all U.S. academic institutions hold their researchers to these statements of rights regardless of funding.

What statement about risks in social and behavioral sciences research is most accurate?

What statement about risks in social and behavioral sciences research is most accurate: Risks are specific to time, situation, and culture. The primary purpose of a Certificate of Confidentiality is to: Protect identifiable research information from compelled disclosure.

What is the primary purpose of a certificate of confidentiality?

Certificates of Confidentiality are issued by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and other HHS agencies to protect identifiable research information from forced or compelled disclosure.

Which of the following is considered a SBR data collection?

Interviews is the correct answer.

What is SBR data collection?

SBR is characterized by data collection methods such as questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, direct or participant observation, and non-invasive physical measurements.

What is SBR research?

Studies that test random samples of the population and that involve a control group are scientifically controlled. SBR is defined as including ex- perimental or quasi-experimental studies, with a pref- erence for randomized controlled trials (NCLB, 2002).

Which choice best describes the purpose of most pharmacogenomic research?

To evaluate the association between individual genotypes and the safety and efficacy of a particular drug or class of drugs.

Which choice best describes the purpose of most pharmacogenomic research quizlet?

Which choice best describes the purpose of most pharmacogenomic research? Investigator A has biological specimens that are coded and linked to identifiers of the source individuals.

What is the term for management controls that are built in to a research study?

What is the term for management controls that are built in to a research study (for example, independent data analysis)? Inherent controls. Only $2.99/month.

Which is true of inducements in research quizlet?

Which is true of inducements in research? Inducements constitute an “undue influence” if they alter a potential subject’s decision-making processes, such that they do not appropriately weigh the risk-benefit relationship of the research.

Why should researchers and IRBs be concerned with the legal status of GSD people?

Why should researchers and IRBs be concerned with the legal status of GSD people? Legal vulnerabilities may increase the risks to subjects from a breach of confidentiality.

Which of the following is a reason that prisoners need special protection?

Which of the following is a reason that prisoners need special protection? Prisoners have limited free choice because their autonomy is restricted.

Which of the following most accurately describes when investigators pursuing PHS funding?

Which of following most accurately describes when investigators pursuing PHS funding are required to disclose their significant financial interests to their institution? Investigators are required to disclose their significant financial interests no later than the time of applying for PHS funding.

Which of the following is the primary criterion for authorship?

Which of the following is the primary criterion for authorship? Having made a significant intellectual contribution to the work.

Which of the following is a key reason why international collaborations can be challenging quizlet?

A key reason why international collaborations can be challenging is that language barriers and cultural differences among collaborators can complicate communication. Question : What is the main function of a Technology Transfer Office? Your answer : It helps researchers to commercialize their work.

Which of the following is most directly related to successful mentoring?

Which of the following is most directly related to successful mentoring? Someone who is committed to the professional development of the trainee.

What is the main function of a technology transfer office?

Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) manage and protect the intellectual property of a scientific organization such as a university or research organization. The TTOs facilitate commercialization of intellectual property gathered by research-based results through licensing, patenting or management of spin-off creations.

Which of the following is most effective strategy for preventing research misconduct?

good mentoring

Which of the following is considered research misconduct?

Federal regulations define research misconduct as: “… fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, or other practices that seriously deviate from those that are commonly accepted within the scientific community for proposing, conducting, or reporting research.”

How can research misconduct be prevented?

Strategies to Support Research Integrity

  1. Ensure policies governing academic research not only are in place, but are followed.
  2. Set standards for supervision of all testing.
  3. Enforce expectations for process rigor.
  4. Communicate expectations for accurate accounting of time spent on research activities.

What is the main function of a technology transfer office with respect to collaborative research quizlet?

What is the main function of a Technology Transfer Office with respect to collaborative research? It helps collaborative researchers to commercialize their work. In any collaboration, data ownership is typically determined by: The type and source of funds used to support the project.