What was the government like in the Middle Ages?
Feudalism was the leading way of political and economic life in the Medieval era. Monarchs, like kings and queens, maintained control and power by the support of other powerful people called lords. Lords were always men who owned extravagant homes, called manors, and estates in the country.
What two problems did Europe suffer from during the Middle Ages?
Europe did indeed suffer disasters of war, famine, and pestilence in the 14th century, but many of the underlying social, intellectual, and political structures remained intact.
What was the basic government and society of the Middle Ages based around?
The basic government and society in Europe during the middle ages was based around the feudal system. Small communities were formed around the local lord and the manor. The lord owned the land and everything in it. He would keep the peasants safe in return for their service.
What did knights do in their free time?
Hunting, competing at tournaments, joining festivals, feasts and several more activities were enjoyed by knights during their (rare) free time. The extent to which the knights were engaged in these leisure activities varied greatly depending on region, social status, wealth and the political/military circumstances.
What were Europe’s main medieval trading centers?
The growth of trade led to the rise of the first large trading centers of the later Middle Ages. They were located on the important sea routes that connected western Europe with the Mediterranean Sea, Russia, and Scandinavia. Two of the earliest and most important trading centers were Venice and Flanders.
How did the bubonic plague affect the medieval European social system?
Plague brought an eventual end of serfdom in Western Europe. The manorial system was already in trouble, but the Black Death assured its demise throughout much of Western and Central Europe by 1500. Severe depopulation and migration of people from village to cities caused an acute shortage of agricultural laborers.
What made it hard to trade in medieval Europe?
In the centuries after the fall of the Roman empire in the west, long-distance trade routes shrank to a shadow of what they had been. The great Roman roads deteriorated over time, making overland transport difficult and expensive.
How did medieval society change from 1000 and 1500?
How did medieval society change between 1000 and 1500? Agriculture, trade, and finance made significant advances. Towns and cities grew. Cultural interaction with the Muslim and Byzantine worlds increased the growth of learning and the birth of universities.
Did everyone prosper during the Middle Ages?
No, only a lucky few during the Middle Ages truly prospered. The majority of society spent their entire lives in poverty, rarely ever having more…
What eventually replaced trial by ordeal or combat?
The thought is that God lets chooses the innocent person to win the fight. In trial by ordeal the person has to pass a dangerous test. What replaced trial by combat and ordeal during medieval times? Courts following written common law replaced these practices.
What problems did medieval towns face?
Disease and Treatment Medieval towns were crowded, noisy, and dirty. Diseases spread rapidly, and many people could not be cured with the medical knowledge of the time. Crime and Punishment Crime was a problem in medieval towns, and it was punished harshly.
What factors led to the growth of towns during the High Middle Ages?
By the High Middle Ages, towns were growing again. One reason for their growth was improvements in agriculture. Farmers were clearing forests and adopting better farming methods. As a result, they had a surplus of crops to sell in town markets.
What were the causes which led to the growth of court towns?
One reason for their growth was improvements in agriculture. Farmers were clearing forests and adopting better farming methods. As a result, they had a surplus of crops to sell in town markets. And because of these surpluses, not everyone had to farm to feed themselves.
What were the major reasons for the growth of towns and cities?
Factors influencing Growth of Cities around the World
- (i) Surplus Resources:
- (ii) Industrialization and Commercialization:
- (iii) Development of Transport and Communication:
- (iv) Economic Pull of the City:
- (v) Educational and Recreational Facilities:
What caused the growth of European cities around the year 1000?
The growth of European cities around the year 1000 was caused by? The increase of population and trade. The rivers, which allowed the Vikings to attack inland cities.
Why did towns develop in 11th century?
When did air pollution became a major problem?
Along with amazing technological advances, the Industrial Revolution of the mid-19th century introduced new sources of air and water pollution. By the middle of the 20th century, the effects of these changes were beginning to be felt in countries around the world.
When was air pollution a major concern?
Air pollution continued to be a significant problem up through the middle of the 20th century. In late October of 1948, 20 people were asphyxiated and more than 7,000 became seriously ill as the result of severe air pollution over Donora, Pennsylvania.
What is the difference between present day pollution and the pollution in Middle Ages?
In middle ages there was no pollution because there were no modern inventions such as vehicles. In addition there were less factories. In present day times there are numerous factories and vehicles running on petrol therefore it contributes to more pollution.