What is the Restoration period in England?

What is the Restoration period in England?

Restoration, Restoration of the monarchy in England in 1660. It marked the return of Charles II as king (1660–85) following the period of Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth. The bishops were restored to Parliament, which established a strict Anglican orthodoxy.

What are the main characteristics of Restoration literature?

Restoration Literature Characteristics

  • Comedy of Manners. The Comedy of Manners is a theatrical genre that was uber-popular during the Restoration period.
  • Satire. The Restoration writers couldn’t get enough satire.
  • Heroic Couplet.
  • Social Life.
  • Politics.
  • Faith.
  • Restoration of Monarchy.
  • Rejection of Puritanism.

What were the factors that led to the restoration in England?

In 1660, in what is known as the English Restoration, General George Monck met with Charles and arranged to restore him in exchange for a promise of amnesty and religious toleration for his former enemies. On May 25, 1660, Charles landed at Dover and four days later entered London in triumph.

What was important about the Theatre in Restoration England?

Therefore, the theatre was important as it allowed people to express themselves with freedom again. The response shows complex thinking by analysing the consequences of the theatre in the broader historical context (Charles II political power, new cultural freedom in Restoration England).

Why is it called the Restoration period?

The name ‘restoration’ comes from the crowning of Charles II, which marks the restoring of the traditional English monarchical form of government following a short period of rule by a handful of republican governments.

Who was the first great restoration actor?

Thomas Betterton

What is the main theme of Restoration comedy?

One of the major themes of restoration comedy is marriage and the game of love. But if marriage is a mirror of society, the couples in the plays show something very dark and sinister about order. Many critiques of marriage in the comedies are devastating.

Who is known as England’s greatest actor?

David Garrick

What is Restoration comedy manners?

The comedy of manners was Restoration comedy’s most popular subgenre. Although they ultimately uphold the status quo, these plays scrutinise and ridicule upper-class society’s manners and rules of behaviour, providing an up-to-the-minute commentary on class, desire and the marriage market.

Which of the following is an example of Restoration comedy?

Significant examples are George Etherege’s The Man of Mode (1676), William Wycherley’s The Country Wife (1675), and William Congreve’s The Way of the World (1700).

What are the main features of comedy of manners?

The characteristics of a comedy of manners include:

  • the use of double entendre and other forms of risque language.
  • elaborate plots.
  • cross-dressing (usually women in men’s clothing)
  • physical seduction.
  • extramarital affairs.
  • cynicism.
  • the meeting of the aristocracy and common folk.
  • intrigues such as forgeries and spying.

What are the characteristics of Restoration comedy?

The manners which the Comedy of Manners shows were not the manners of all the classes of Restoration Society; they were rather the manners of the upper class only. This genre is characterized by realism (art), social analysis and satire. These comedies held a mirror to the finer society of their age.

What are the characteristics of the Restoration period?

Characteristics of Restoration Period….

  • Social and Political Conflict. With the come – back of Charles II, England’s social, political and religious tenets have transformed.
  • Opening of Theaters.
  • Rise of Neo-Classicism.
  • Imitation of The Ancients.
  • Realism.
  • New Literary Forms.

Who was a Restoration dramatist?

John Dryden

Which age is called restoration age and why?

1. THE RESTORATION AGE (1660-1700) The period from 1660 to 1700 is known as the Restoration period or the Age of Dryden because monarchy was restored in England. The atmosphere of gaiety and cheerfulness, of licentiousness and moral laxity was restored. The theatres were reopened.

What restoration means?

1 : an act of restoring or the condition of being restored: such as. a : a bringing back to a former position or condition : reinstatement the restoration of peace. b : restitution. c : a restoring to an unimpaired or improved condition the restoration of a painting.

What is the name of the type of play that was most popular during the English Restoration?

Comedies of Humour were made popular by the Renaissance playwright and poet Ben Jonson earlier in the century. These plays centralized around a specific character who had an overshadowing trait. Comedy of Manners were the most popular form of Restoration Drama.

What is the Restoration period in literature?

Restoration literature is the English literature written during the historical period commonly referred to as the English Restoration(1660–1689), which corresponds to the last years of the direct Stuart reign in England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland.

How did drama evolve in England?

In England, drama had a distinctly religious origin from the church as the part of services. Apart from its origin, the Latin Church had condemned Roman theatre for many reasons. The earlier play were given inside the church, the story were written by the clergy and performed by the clergy using Latin language.

Who brought drama and theater to England?

During the reign of Elizabeth I (1558–1603) and then James I (1603–25), in the late 16th and early 17th century, a London-centred culture, that was both courtly and popular, produced great poetry and drama.

What are the 4 types of drama?

There are four major types of drama: comedy, tragedy, tragicomedy, and melodrama. These types originated at different times, but each of them has its characteristics. However, all of them have their place in modern culture and should be appreciated.

What are the 3 types of drama?

Drama is usually divided into three genres (i.e., kinds): tragedy, comedy, and tragicomedy.

Which age is the greatest period for the English drama?

Elizabethan Age

Who is the greatest English drama list of the world?

The very idea of choosing the 50 “best” plays will make some people furious and others confused….Best plays of all time

  1. Hamlet by William Shakespeare.
  2. Long Day’s Journey Into Night by Eugene O’Neill.
  3. Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
  4. Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller.

How many ages are there in English literature?

Know Different Ages in History of English Literature

Time Span Period Name
1500-1600 A.D. The Renaissance or the Early Modern Period
1558-1603 A.D. The Elizabethan Age
1603-1625 A.D. The Jacobean Age
1625-1649 A.D. The Caroline Age

Who wrote the first drama?


What is the first drama in the world?

Aeschylus’ historical tragedy The Persians is the oldest surviving drama, although when it won first prize at the City Dionysia competition in 472 BC, he had been writing plays for more than 25 years.

What is the first drama?

The first plays were performed in the Theatre of Dionysus, built in the shadow of the Acropolis in Athens at the beginning of the 5th century, but theatres proved to be so popular they soon spread all over Greece. Drama was classified according to three different types or genres: comedy, tragedy and satyr plays.

What are the six elements of drama?

The 6 Aristotelean elements are plot, character, thought, diction, spectacle, and song.

What are the 10 elements of drama?

Ten Basic Elements of Drama

  • PLOT.