What did Cortes do after he returned to Tenochtitlan?
In May 1521, Cortés returned to Tenochtitlán, and after a three-month siege the city fell. After restoring some order, he retired to his estate south of Mexico City and sent out maritime expeditions from the Pacific coast. In 1540, he returned to Spain and was neglected by the court. He died in 1547.
What strategies did Cortes and his allies use to defeat the Aztecs?
Hernan Cortes was able to conquer the Aztec Empire by scaring the natives with the 16 horses, gaining alliances with the other enemies of the Aztec, having superior and better weapons than the natives (like guns), having armor, and having steel.
Why did Cortes conquer the Aztecs?
Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain. “He was a smart, ambitious man who wanted to appropriate new land for the Spanish crown, convert native inhabitants to Catholicism, and plunder the lands for gold and riches.”
What happened when Cortes and his soldiers first arrived in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan?
What happened when Cortés and his soldiers first arrived in the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán? Cortés immediately killed the Aztec leader Moctezuma and burned the city.
What made Tenochtitlan unique?
The small natural island was perpetually enlarged as an artificial island as Tenochtitlan grew to become the largest and most powerful city in Mesoamerica. Commercial routes were developed that brought goods from places as far as the Gulf of Mexico, the Pacific Ocean and perhaps even the Inca Empire.
What does Tenochtitlan mean in English?
The name of the city derives from tetl meaning rock, nochtli, the prickly-pear cactus and tlan, the locative suffix. TenochtitlAn was one of the greatest cities in Mesoamerica with over 200,000 residents.
What did the Aztecs use to pay their taxes?
A strong system of laws governed the economic operations of the Aztec Empire. The main sources of income for the empire were tribute and taxation. Merchants paid taxes on the goods that they sold, artisans paid taxes based on the value of their services, and barrios paid taxes through the crops that they produced.
What type of meat did the Aztecs eat?
Meat and fish Rabbits, birds, frogs, tadpoles, salamanders, green iguanas, pocket gophers and insects (and their eggs and larvae) all served as valuable food sources. The Aztecs also ate domesticated turkeys, duck and dogs, and at times larger wild animals such as deer.