Is the San Andreas Fault a dip slip fault?
The San Andreas Fault—made infamous by the 1906 San Francisco earthquake—is a strike-slip fault. This means two fault blocks are moving past each other horizontally. Strike-slip faults tend to occur along the boundaries of plates that are sliding past each other.
What is the motion of the San Andreas Fault?
The San Andreas Fault is a continental transform fault that extends roughly 1,200 kilometers (750 mi) through California. It forms the tectonic boundary between the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, and its motion is right-lateral strike-slip (horizontal).
What are dip slips?
Dip-slip faults are inclined fractures where the blocks have mostly shifted vertically. If the rock mass above an inclined fault moves down, the fault is termed normal, whereas if the rock above the fault moves up, the fault is termed reverse. A thrust fault is a reverse fault with a dip of 45 degrees or less.
What is an example of a strike-slip fault?
The fault motion of a strike-slip fault is caused by shearing forces. Other names: transcurrent fault, lateral fault, tear fault or wrench fault. Examples: San Andreas Fault, California; Anatolian Fault, Turkey.
What is the best example of strike-slip fault?
Transform faults within continental plates include some of the best-known examples of strike-slip structures, such as the San Andreas Fault, the Dead Sea Transform, the North Anatolian Fault and the Alpine Fault.
What is the most famous strike-slip fault?
Isthmus of Suez
Can a strike-slip fault cause a tsunami?
Whereas thrust faults experience vertical motion that can displace overlying water and produce tsunamis, movement on strike-slip faults is predominantly horizontal — with portions of tectonic plates grinding laterally past one another — and does not typically cause tsunamis.
What cities will be affected by San Andreas Fault?
The cities of Desert Hot Springs, San Bernardino, Wrightwood, Palmdale, Gorman, Frazier Park, Daly City, Point Reyes Station and Bodega Bay rest on the San Andreas fault line.
What part of California will fall into the ocean?
No, California is not going to fall into the ocean. California is firmly planted on the top of the earth’s crust in a location where it spans two tectonic plates.
What will happen when the San Andreas Fault cracks?
According to The ShakeOut Scenario, a 7.8 earthquake hitting along the southern San Andreas fault on a non-windy day at about 9:00 a.m. will unfold, approximately, like this: 1,800 people will die. 1,600 fires will ignite and most of those will be large fires.
How does the San Andreas Fault affect humans?
Yet in an instant, that crack, the San Andreas fault line, could ruin lives and cripple the national economy. In one scenario produced by the United States Geological Survey, researchers found that a big quake along the San Andreas could kill 1,800 people, injure 55,000 and wreak $200 million in damage.
Is it safe to live near fault line?
The danger of living near fault lines Living near fault lines is inherently dangerous but difficult to avoid. The dangers people face include not only tremors but also other threats: Widespread smoke and ash can pollute the air and block out the sun for miles in every direction.
How many tourists died in the 2004 tsunami?
December 26, 2004 +1.5 hours: Beaches in southern Thailand are hit by the tsunami. Among the 5,400 who died were 2,000 foreign tourists. +2 hours: The tsunami strikes the Sri Lankan coastline from the northeast and all around the southern tip; more than 30,000 people are dead or missing.