How does Confucianism influence Chinese society?
The structure of Chinese society and its focus on rituals, familial respect and obligation, worship of ancestors, and self-discipline, remains greatly influenced by Confucius and his teachings. Taoism (also called Daoism) is a Chinese religion that developed a bit after Confucianism, around two thousand years ago.
What was Confucius view for ordering society?
Confucius believed that to restore order, societies had to encourage certain virtues, such as loyalty, trustworthiness, and respecting your elders. He believed people were capable of attaining these and other virtues through education. By learning history, literature, and philosophy, people could gain insights.
What is the main belief of Confucianism?
The worldly concern of Confucianism rests upon the belief that human beings are fundamentally good, and teachable, improvable, and perfectible through personal and communal endeavor, especially self-cultivation and self-creation. Confucian thought focuses on the cultivation of virtue in a morally organised world.
What are the most important relationships in Confucian philosophy?
This working out of Li is especially important in what Confucianism holds as the Five Key Relationships; they are the relationship of ruler to subject, father to son, husband to wife, elder to younger and friend to friend. If one follows the concept of Li, each of these relationships will be marked with harmony.
What did Confucius say about love?
Love others as you would love yourself, judge others as you would judge yourself, cherish others as you would cherish yourself. When you wish for others as you wish for yourself and when you protect others as you would protect yourself, that’s when you can say it’s true love.
What did Confucius say about relationships?
”The most significant adversary of relationships and love is life which is wrought with conflicts. “ ”If you do not challenge yourself at every opportunity, then you will never be prepared when others do.
What did Confucius say about life?
“Life is really simple, but we insist on making it complicated.” “A superior man is modest in his speech but exceeds in his actions.” “Be not ashamed of mistakes and thus make them crimes.”
What did Confucius say about happiness?
According to Confucius (Kongzi 孔子, 551–479 BCE) and Mencius (Mengzi 孟子, 371–289 BCE?), happiness consists primarily not in pleasure, but in ethical pleasure; the good life is not a life in which all or most of one’s desires are fulfilled, but a life in which the satisfaction of prudential desires is subject to the …
What was Confucius’s golden rule?
And five centuries before Christ, Confucius set forth his own Golden Rule: “Do not impose on others what you do not wish for yourself.”
What is Jesus golden rule?
In Matthew’s gospel, Jesus summarises the whole of the Old Testament in a single phrase: “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” This maxim, known as “the golden rule” of ethics, is sometimes portrayed as an exclusively Christian concept.
Who first wrote the Golden Rule?
1599 Edward Topsell writes that “Do unto others” serves well instead of other things that have been called golden rules. 1604 Charles Gibbon is perhaps the first author to explicitly call “Do unto others” the golden rule.
What is the Silver Rule?
silver rule (plural silver rules) (ethics) The principle that one should not treat other people in the manner in which one would not want to be treated by them.
What is the diamond rule?
In the “diamond rule”, you treat others as they wish YOU to treat them. The “you” in this case is the individual “you”. Who you are and what you bring to the conversation. In contrast, the platinum rule would have us all treat the person we’re interacting with the same way that everyone else does.
What is the golden rule of love?
A key tenet of the Golden Rule is that how you act toward another person does not depend on how that individual acts toward you. In other words, you adhere to principles of secure functioning even when others don’t. Each partner takes the lead in being fair, just, and sensitive to the other.
What is the silver rule of Confucianism?
The silver rule is a variation and somewhat an inversion of the golden rule. The silver rule states “Do not do unto others as you would not have them do unto you.” The silver rule has its own deficiencies, as it only requires an individual not harm others, and does not ask that person to engage in positive behavior.
What is the golden rule in Buddhism?
“… hurt not others with what pains yourself.” (The Buddha, Udânavarga 5:18, trans. 1883:27). These selected quotations illustrate the moral principle, known as the Golden Rule, that we ought to treat other people as we want to be treated (Wattles 1996).
Who made the Silver Rule?
In fact, John Stuart Mill’s book Utilitarianism describes the rule as the “ideal perfection of utilitarian morality.” The Silver Rule, on the other hand, seems to be more akin to the libertarian non-aggression principle. That is, that one should not initiate the use of force against others or their property.
What is reciprocity in Confucianism?
The Confucian version of the Gold Rule is found in many passages in the Analects. Others have translated the word ‘reciprocity’ in the Analects as ‘consideration’, which means to care or keep in mind someone or something over a period of time.
What does reciprocity mean?
mutual dependence, action, or influence
What are the 5 relationships?
The Five Relationships were emperor and subject, father and son, husband and wife, elder brother and younger brother, and friend and friend.
Confucianism is often characterized as a system of social and ethical philosophy rather than a religion. In fact, Confucianism built on an ancient religious foundation to establish the social values, institutions, and transcendent ideals of traditional Chinese society.
What major differences do you see between the Confucian and legalist ways of governing?
Even though both Confucianism and Legalism called for governmental hierarchy and adherence to tradition, the difference between the two schools is that Confucianism advocated ruling benevolently by example. It possessed an optimistic view of human potential.
What are the basic teachings of Confucianism?
The main concepts of this philosophy include Ru (humaneness), righteousness, propriety/etiquette, loyalty, and filial piety, along with strict adherence to social roles.
What are the five basic relationships of Confucianism?
“The five constant relationships” (五伦) refers to the five fundamental relationships in Confucian philosophy: those between ruler and subject, father and son, elder brother and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend.